Federal District Court Draws Distinction Between Disciplinary and Malpractice Defense in Coverage Decision


Professional liability policies for lawyers and law firms often distinguish between disciplinary and malpractice defense. Some don’t cover disciplinary defense or, if they do, include a much lower coverage limit. A recent decision from the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Washington underscored the practical impact of the distinction between disciplinary and malpractice coverage.

Chochrane v. American Guarantee & Liability Insurance Company, 2020 WL 3798928 (W.D. Wash. July 7, 2020) (unpublished), was a coverage action by a lawyer against her carrier. The lawyer’s professional liability policy included coverage for disciplinary matters—but the limit was only $10,000. A grievance had been filed against the lawyer. No separate litigation for malpractice, however, was involved. Although the disciplinary matter was eventually dismissed, the lawyer incurred substantially more than the $10,000 limit in fees and costs in her defense. Because a part of the grievance included allegations of malpractice, the lawyer argued that her carrier should cover the expenses above the $10,000 limit. The carrier declined and the lawyer brought a coverage case against the carrier.

via Fine Print: Federal District Court Distinguishes Disciplinary and Malpractice Defense in Coverage Decision — NWSidebar

Learn about Oregon’s Professional Liability Fund Primary Coverage plan here.

The Importance of Staying in Touch

… [I]t is CAO staff’s continued impression that there is a significant failure on the part of many Oregon lawyers to adequately communicate with their clients. This information has again been provided to the bar’s CLE department anticipating that future CLE programs should be developed focusing on communication with clients and keeping clients satisfied. CAO staff also meets with local bar leaders to discuss this issue and educate bar members on this topic.   Annual Report, Oregon State Bar Client Assistance Office

No one can beat a faster path to the bar discipline office than a client who feels mistreated or ignored.

Don’t become a discipline statistic.  Make good client communication a habit by integrating it into your regular workflow:

Initial Client Intake

Your first meeting with the client sets the tone for the entire attorney-client relationship.  Take advantage of this golden opportunity!

Practice Tip:

  1. Use a client intake form that prompts you to discuss fees and billing.  See   Practice Aids and Forms > File Management.
  2. Develop standard fee agreements you can conform on the fly.  See Practice Aids and Forms > Engagement Letters.


  • Transmit almost everything you do or receive to your client.  Keep it simple by stamping client copies, “For Your Information Only – No Response Required.”  If you are paperless, create a fillable transmittal form, use e-mail, or post the document online via a secure client portal.
  • Follow up most office and telephone conferences with a letter or e-mail.
  • Return telephone calls and respond to e-mails.  If you have difficulty doing so on a timely basis, block out time on your calendar every day for these activities.
  • Let clients make the decisions.  Obtain express permission for:
    • Granting extensions of time to the adverse party
    • Stipulating to evidence or testimony
    • Suggesting settlement figures to the other side
    • Rejecting settlement offers
    • Settling cases
    • Agreeing to continuances
    • Concluding testimony in litigation matters


  • Review client files at 30 day intervals based on the anniversary date of opening the file.  If you open a matter for Smith on June 20, schedule a reminder to review the Smith file on the twentieth day of every month:  July 20, August 20, and so on.  If you open a matter for Jones on July 1, schedule a reminder to review the Jones file on the first day of every month:  August 1, September 1, and so on.  Practice management programs make this process a breeze, but it can also be done in any calendaring program by setting a recurring event or task.  If you need assistance creating a system to remind you to pull client files, give me a call.
  • Send monthly status reports.  Some clients want to hear from their lawyer, even if no action is necessary.   Instead of writing a custom letter or e-mail, simplify the process with easy-to-complete Client Status Reports.  The status report should be sent in conjunction with your monthly file review.
  • Get bills out the door!  With rare exception, most fee agreements are crafted around the concept of clients receiving a monthly invoice.  Seems like a no-brainer, but a surprising number of attorneys have difficulty sticking to a regular billing schedule.  For assistance with effective billing systems, contact your friendly practice management advisor.  If you haven’t invested in time and billing/accounting software, there is no time like the present.

File Closing

When your work is done, don’t shove the client file in a box and forget about it.  Take the time to send a proper disengagement letter.  Return original client documents, render a final bill, and explain any remaining duties and obligations you or the client may have.  Be sure the client understands how long you will keep your file, and consider asking your client’s opinion of the service received.

To make this process easier, use a file closing checklist every time you close a file.  Sample disengagement letters and a sample file closing checklist are available on the Professional Liability Fund Web site.  Select Practice Aids and Forms > Disengagement Letters or Practice Aids and Forms > File Management for the file closing checklist.

Parting Thoughts

Poor client communications beget unhappy, irritated, frustrated clients who file bar complaints and legal malpractice claims.  By changing your habits and incorporating tools like client intake forms, standard fee agreements, nonengagement letters, transmittal forms, client status reports, and file closing checklists you can improve client relations exponentially with a minimum of effort.

 Copyright 2011 Beverly Michaelis

Proposed Legislation for 2011 Session

The Oregon State Bar wants your input on draft proposals for the 2011 Legislative Session.   A forum will be held on Tuesday, April 13 at the Oregon State Bar Center.  The purpose of the forum is to increase awareness and allow members an opportunity to comment.  Members may also contact the Public Affairs Committee or bar staff.

Some of the proposals caught my eye:

IOLTA Sanction Bill – This bill would change the sanction for failure to file a notice of annual IOLTA compliance from a disciplinary violation to an administrative one. 

LPRC Restructuring – Eliminates LPRCs (local professional responsibility committees); permits bar to appoint individual lawyers to serve as investigators.

Termination of Attorney-Client Relationships – Streamlines withdrawal procedures for attorneys in family law matters.  Permits withdrawal by filing a notice upon conclusion of a case.

There are other legislative proposals in the areas of: 

  • Business Law
  • Construction Law
  • Consumer Law
  • Elder Law
  • Estate Planning and Administration
  • Family Law
  • Real Estate and Land Use
  • Taxation

Review the proposals here.

Copyright 2010 Beverly Michaelis